Human Trafficking: Recommended Reading
Today is National Human Trafficking Awareness Day.
“Trafficking” is modern-day slavery and is the fastest-growing criminal industry in the world. Human trafficking is defined as the recruitment, transportation, harboring, or taking of people by means of threat, force, coercion, abduction, fraud, or deception for the purpose of exploiting them.
The United Nations estimates that 2.5 million people are trafficked annually. The U.S. State Department estimates an even higher number: about 12.3 million adults and children “in forced labor, bonded labor, and forced prostitution around the world.” It deprives people of their human rights and freedoms, is a global health risk, and fuels organized crime.
Victims of trafficking are forced or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. Labor trafficking ranges from domestic servitude and small-scale labor setups to large-scale operations such as farms, sweatshops, and major multinational corporations.
Sex trafficking is one of the most profitable forms of trafficking and involves any form of sexual exploitation, such as prostitution, pornography, bride trafficking, and the commercial sexual abuse of children.
I’ve posted on human trafficking before. To help you get informed and inform others, here is a reading list on the topic.
Benjamin Skinner, 2008
Journalist Benjamin Skinner reports on current and former slaves and slave dealers in Haiti, Sudan, Romania, India, and suburban America.
Kevin Bales and Ron Soodalter, 2009
Scholars and activists Kevin Bales and Ron Soodalter document routine coercive slave labor in domestic service, prostitution, farm labor, factories, light industry, prisons and mining operations.
Kevin Bales, 1999
Going undercover, Bales investigates contemporary slavery around the world and reveals how it is linked to the global economy.
“TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS REPORT” (FREE REPORT)
U.S. Department of State (annual reports from 2001 to 2011)
This is the U.S. government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts.
Kathryn Farr, 2004
Farr looks not only at the victims but the sex trade’s main players, organized crime structure, economic conditions, and role in which various militaries perpetuate its demand.
Siddhartha Kara, 2010
Kara author penetrates seedy underworlds and forced labor markets in made India, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Denmark, Albania, Moldova, Mexico, and the United States. He witnessed firsthand the sale of human beings into slavery, interviewed over 400 slaves, and confronted some of those who trafficked and exploited them.
Victor Malarek, 2005
A journalist reports on the most recent wave in the global sex trade and the exploitation of women and children from Eastern Europe.
Patricia McCormick, 2008
A fictional account of a 13-year old girl from Nepal who is sold to a brothel by her step-father, based on the author’s research and interview of numerous former sex slaves.
Theresa Flores with PeggySue Wells, 2010
Flores tells her true story about how she was enslaved as a 15-year-old in the world of sex trafficking while living in an upper-middle class suburb of Detroit.
ESCAPE AND RESCUE
Daniel Walker, 2011
Walker is an undercover investigator who infiltrated the multibillion-dollar global sex industry for the purpose of freeing women and children from sex trafficking. I reviewed this book for The Gospel Coalition.
In a small Cambodian village outside of Phnom Pehn, little children as young as five years old were forced to live as sex slaves. Haugen writes about the efforts to rescue these young girls. His team infiltrated the ring of brothels, gathered evidence to free 37 young girls and children, and secured the arrest and conviction of several perpetrators.
A first-hand account of a survivor of human trafficking in India.
Haugen offers stories of Christians who have stood up for justice in the face of human trafficking, forced prostitution, racial and religious persecution, and torture.
Batstone tells inspiring stories of modern-day abolitionists and their campaign to free slaves and end trafficking.
Kevin BalesBales writes about his involvement in the antislavery movement, offers a history of slavery, and provides a guide for eliminating modern slavery.